8 Strategies of Academic Text Structure- Maritza Valdespino


The 8 strategies of academic structure are important to implant during language arts. It allows the students to use their cognitive skills to to be able to answer each of the strategies you, as an educator, present. These strategies are some ways in which you can elaborate on a lesson where students read a book they may not fully comprehend.



Poverty and Education

By: Vanessa D’Elia

I feel that the effect of socioeconomic status on learning and academics is a very important issue that should concern us as future educators. More than 30 million children are growing up in poverty and in 2011, nearly 46.2 million Americans were living in poverty. But how does poverty affects education?

  • Children living in poverty have higher absenteeism or leave school all together because they are more likely to have to work or care for family members
  • Students from poverty enter school behind and with a much lower quality and quantity of vocabulary than students from professional homes
  • Students from poverty are more likely to have health issues due to lack of exercise and lack of appropriate medical attention. Health issues can affect attention, reasoning, learning and memory
  • Children who grow up in poor families are exposed to food with lower nutritional value or sometimes meals are skipped all together. It is very hard to concentrate or succeed academically when you are hungry

What can we do as educators to help our children?

The first thing we need to do is learn about students backgrounds. Get to know them by calling home, email students’ families, perform teacher-parent conference or just by talking to students. Have higher expectations and don’t just give up on them because of their background. Assist the student to meet those expectations by focusing on their strengths. Keep praising them and remember that for one negative comment you should give seven positive ones.  And of course always have resources available not just for the students but for the families as well. Just something so simple like helping them fill out a reduced/free lunch form can make a big difference in their lives.

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Academic Listening Strategies

 Listening Strategies 
By: Kimberly Zuniga

Intro: There are seven Listening strategies. Those seven strategies include Active Academic Listening, Understanding Listening Purposes, Academic Language Awareness, Providing Quality Objectives, Academic Language Schemata, Content Area think Alouds, and Academic Note Taking. These strategies are important because students who develop their academic listening will also improve their academic comprehension. That being said, students who lack the skills can face serious challenges in developing comprehension.

Active Academic Listening

Two way process between the speaker and students. It helps students develop an arsenal of active listening strategies to keep them engaged and learning effectively.

Ex: Students will hear and hold compound and complex sentences in their mind and make connections and understand related ideas.

Understanding Listening Purposes

This encourages students to be conscious of how they focus their attention.

Ex: Students will be able to articulate their level of listening by asking themselves questions like “Do I recognize the concepts

Academic Language Awareness

It helps students consciously appreciate the ways in which words organize our ideas and help us understand others.

Ex: Students will know how to categorize actions, concepts, and transitions.

Providing Quality Objectives

By providing objectives, the students can know where their attention should be focused and will help clarify expectations.

Ex: The teacher should use SMART (Short term, measurable, action oriented, reviewable, and targeted) objectives.

Academic Language Schemata

Students follow a seven step process and fill out academic language graphic organizer on a daily basis. It will improve knowledge of academic language.

Ex: Creating the seven component graphic organizer about an energy lesson.

Content Area Think Alouds 

By doing think alouds, the teacher helps the student understand a lesson or concept step by step.

Ex: Explaining a math problem step by step using other supporting items such as manipulatives, etc

Academic Note Taking 

Students need to evaluate which information is more significant and take those main ideas to understand or review a concept. This helps students learn and concentrate on the subject on hand.

Ex: Students take notes as a teacher lectures.


It is important that as a teacher, you practice good habits of academic listening so the students learning can increase. If students are able to to focus on the content they will be able to listen to discussions, ask questions, and construct meaning from the lesson.

A good article to look at to learn more on how listening strategies can impact things such as note taking.